International Adoption Info

Newsletter #64 for Internationally Adopting Parents
June 14, 2007
PAL Center Inc.

New Articles

New Publications

B. Gindis Ph.D.
A. Kozulin Ph.D.

Sociocultural Theory
and Education of Children
with Special Needs:
From Defectology to Remedial Pedagogy

In: H. Daniels, M. Cole,
J. Wertsch, Eds.
The Cambridge Companion to Vygotsky

Cambridge University Press, NY 2007, pp. 332-363

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Assessment & Remediation,
or a former student
of the BGCenter Online School,
or a user of the International Adoption Articles Directory.


Latest Articles
from the

International Adoption Articles Directory

Lisa Harp, a teacher and educational therapist, offers her opinion and practical advice on how to work with the children having varies reading problems.

Helping Students With Reading Problems
Reading is a difficult process. The brain must be doing several things at once in order to make sense out of the written word. Many things can go wrong when a student is learning to read.

Treating Dyslexia
Dyslexia has become a term that most people are familiar with. They believe it means reversing letters and numbers, which is true, but in my work with children I have found that it encompasses so much more than just reversals.

From Our Database

FAS in Internationally Adopted Children
B. Gindis Ph.D.


An Alcohol-Related Neuro-developmental Disorder (ARND) - is a well-known and well-researched affliction. The extreme degree of this disorder is commonly known as FAS - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. The specificity of FAS in post-institutional children adopted internationally from Eastern Europe (mostly from the republics of former Soviet Union), is much less researched and less known and is the subject of this article. It is based on my own clinical experience working with international adoptees (IA) since 1992 at the BGCenter (Nanuet, NY). In the database of our center there are over 80 clinical cases of adopted children diagnosed with a different degree of ARND, who went through a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment between 2000 and 2007. Over 20% of these children were repeatedly evaluated over the years to monitor the dynamic of their development; they constitute the so-called longitudinal cases. My observations and commentary are based on these data.

Specificity of FAS in IA children in comparison with FAS children at large

FAS in IA children presents specific difficulties with diagnosis; characteristics of the "secondary disabilities" (social consequences of child's primary neurological impairment) are more extreme; an abrupt native language loss by an IA child after the adoption accelerates and amplifies typical FAS symptoms; IA children suffering from FAS seem to have a certain cognitive profile in comparison with FAS population at large.

Questions and answers about FAS


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